"Serbia y Montenegro (en serbio cirilizado: , en serbio romanizado: Srbija i Crna Gora), oficialmente Unión Estatal de Serbia y Montenegro, fue un Estado europeo situado en la Península Balcánica, constituido por las repúblicas de Serbia y Montenegro. Limitaba con Albania, la República de Macedonia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Hungría, Croacia y Bosnia-Herzegovina. Montenegro se separó de Serbia en 2006."
"Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: () / Srbija i Crna Gora (SCG)), officially the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: / Dravna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora), was a country in Southeast Europe, created from the two remaining republics of Yugoslavia after its breakup in 1992. The republics of Serbia and Montenegro together established a federation in 1992 as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY or FR Yugoslavia; Serbian: / Savezna Republika Jugoslavija). The FRY aspired to be a sole legal successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but those claims were opposed by other former republics. The United Nations also denied its request to automatically continue the membership of the former state. Eventually, after the overthrow of Slobodan Miloevi from power as president of the federation in 2000, the country rescinded those aspirations and accepted the opinion of the Badinter Arbitration Committee about shared succession. It re-applied for UN membership on 27 October and was admitted on 1 November 2000. The FRY was initially dominated by Slobodan Miloevi as President of Serbia (19891997) and then President of Yugoslavia (19972000). Miloevi installed and forced the removal of several federal presidents (such as Dobrica osi) and prime ministers (Milan Pani). However, the Montenegrin government, initially enthusiastic supporters of Miloevi, started gradually distancing themselves from his policies. That culminated in regime change in 19961998, when his former ally Milo ukanovi reversed his policies, became leader of Montenegro's ruling party and subsequently dismissed former Montenegrin leader Momir Bulatovi, who remained loyal to the Miloevi government. As Bulatovi was given central positions in Belgrade from that time (as federal Prime Minister), ukanovi continued to govern Montenegro and further isolated it from Serbia, so that from 1996 to 2006, Montenegro and Serbia were only nominally one countrygovernance at every feasible level was conducted locally (Belgrade for Serbia and Podgorica for Montenegro). A loose union, Serbia and Montenegro were united only in certain realms, such as defense. The two constituent republics functioned separately throughout the period of the Federal Republic, and continued to operate under separate economic policies, as well as using separate currencies (the euro was the only legal tender in Montenegro). On 21 May 2006, the Montenegrin independence referendum was held, and 55.5% of voters voted in favor of independence. The state union came to an end after Montenegro's formal declaration of independence on 3 June 2006, and Serbia's formal declaration of independence on 5 June. After the dissolution, Serbia became the legal successor of the union, while Montenegro re-applied for membership in international organizations."